Civil engineers are responsible for planning cities from building construction to the infrastructure. Civil engineers have a duty to create cities that are conducive for living and working. This includes having places like parks and playgrounds where people can interact socially. In addition, more and more countries are embracing eco-friendly lifestyles which include alternative energy options. It is, therefore, the duty of civil engineers and the civil engineering field to integrate the new upcoming technologies to create sustainable cities.
Renewable energy like solar energy and bio-fuel are being embraced by more people. There is no infrastructure set up for alternative energy sources. The only traditions form of energy like gas and electricity have infrastructures in modern cities. Civil engineers have to look for ways to make renewable energy accessible to city dwellers in an effort to create sustainable cities.
Infrastructure is very important in cities. Good infrastructure will enable city dwellers to move from one point to another easily, enjoy the outdoors and enjoy amenities like clean water. Most city dwellers have to travel to work each morning. It is the duty of civil engineers to create roads that ease congestion. They should also plan for transportation infrastructures for self-drive cars. Self-drive cars are starting to gain momentum due to the many advantages they offer.
Water is a basic need that every human being uses on a daily basis. Rural to urban migration is increasing every year and some cities may not meet the water demands. It is the duty of civil engineers to find adequate sources of clean water to meet the water demands. The piping systems should be frequently maintained to reduce inconveniences caused when pipes burst.
In light of building sustainable cities, greenhouses are becoming popular for growing food. People are looking to grow food that does not have harmful chemicals. On the other side, greenhouses produce harmful emissions. Civil engineers have to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Lowering the emissions will enable city dwellers to grow their food and eat healthy to stay healthy. Waste management is another factor that plays a key role in reducing pollution. There has to be an efficient waste management system that will effectively collect and dispose of waste in cities.
Another factor that should be considered in sustainable cities should be saving on water and electricity. Civil engineers need to find more ways of using water and electricity more efficiently.